- The Tariff of 1828 put tax on imported manufactured goods. This was known as the Tariff of Abominations.
- The South was forced to buy manufactured goods in market that were heavily protected by tariffs.
- Daniel Webster supported high tariffs.
- Middle states were supporters of protection of tariffs.
- John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson did not like the tariff issue.
- The tariffs did protect the American Industry from foreign competition, but it made prices go up for all Americans. It also added retaliatory tariffs on American agricultural exports.
- John C. Calhoun wrote a pamphlet known as “The South Carolina Exposition.” He had written it secretly. South Carolina Legislative published it in 1828. It had said the recent tariff was unjust and unconstitutional. It said states could nullify the tariff.
- The South Carolina Legislative had a special convention during 1832 election. Several weeks later, delegates who met in Columbia, declared the tariff to be null and void in South Carolina.
- Also, the convention threatened to take South Carolina out of the Union.
- Andrew Jackson would not have this and had the military ready to take over South Carolina.
- Henry Clay stepped up and created a Compromise Bill.
- The Compromise Tariff of 1833 which would reduce tariff of 1832 was passed by Congress by about 10% over 8 years.
- The Compromise of 1832 squeezed through Congress. Calhoun and South Carolina did favor it.
- Henry Clay had saved the Union. Armed conflict was avoided.
- (Kennedy, Cohen, Bailey)